Bibliography on African Cartoons


Alimi, Modupe. 1991. 'A Study of the Stylistic Markers of the Language of Cartoons in Nigeria'. Studies in African Linguistics. 189-220. 

Eko, Lyombe. 2007. ‘It’s a Political Jungle Out There: How Four African Newspaper Cartoons Dehumanized and “Deterritorialized” African Political Leaders in the Post-Cold War Era’. International Communications Gazette,69.3, pp. 219–238.

Eko, Lyombe. 2010. ‘The Art of Criticism: How African Cartoons Discursively Constructed African Media Realities in The Post-Cold War Era.' Critical African Studies 4. 

Ganiyu A. Jimoh; Masked in Metaphors: Counter-Narratives in the Works of Nigerian Cartoonist Mike Asukwo. African Arts 2019; 52 (2): 32–39. doi:

Olaniyan, Tejumola. 2000. ‘Cartooning in Nigeria: Paradigmatic Traditions’. Glendora Review: African Quarterly on the Arts 2.2. 

Olaniyan, Tejumola. , 2002. ‘Cartooning Nigerian Anticolonial Nationalism’. In Paul S. Landau (ed.), Images and Empires: Visuality in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa, pp. 124–140.

Olaniyan, Tejumola. , 2013. ‘On Ganiyu Akinloye Jimoh’s Political Cartoons’. In Ganiyu Jimoh and Abisoye Eleshin (eds.), Our National Flag: Art and Socio-Political Realities, pp. 6–7. Lagos: Neronet.

Olowu, Ayodeji, Moses B. Kayode and Lawrence O. Egbuwalo.2014. ‘Satirising the Nigeria Police Force: A Multimodal Discourse Analytical Study of Selected Cartoons of TELL Newsmagazines’. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(2), pp. 119–127.

Mason, Andrew J. [Andy]. 2010. “The Cannibal Ogre and the Rape of Justice: A Contrapuntal View.” Critical African Studies 2, no. 4: 32–64.

Mason, Andy. 2002. “Black and White in Ink: Discourses of Resistance in South African Cartooning.” African & Asian Studies 1, no. 4: 386–406.

Mason, Andy. 2010. “The Stafffrider Generation” and “Storytellers for Africa.” In What’s So Funny? Under the Skin of South African Cartooning, by Andy Mason, 94–111. Cape Town: Double Storey.


jegede, dele. 2004. ‘Cartoons’, In Philip M. Peek and Kwesi Yankah (eds.), African Folklore: An Encyclopedia.  New York: Routledge, pp. 102–107.

Lent, John. 2009. Cartooning in Africa. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Limb, Peter and Tejumola Olaniyan. 2018. Taking African Cartoons Seriously: Politics, Satire, and Culture. Michigan State University Press. East Lansing. 

Mason, Andy, and John Curtis, eds. 2009. Don’t Joke! Johannesburg: Jacana.

Mason, Andy. 2015. “The Presidential Penis: Questions of Race and Representation in South African Comic and Satirical Art.” In Representing Multiculturalism in Comics and Graphic Novels, edited by Carolene Ayaka and Ian Hague, 49–68. London: Routledge.

Mbembe, Achille. 2001. “The ‘Thing’ and Its Doubles in Cameroonian Cartoons.” In Readings in African Popular Culture, edited by Karin Barber, 151–63. Bloomington: Indiana University Press; Oxford: J. Currey.

Medubi, Oyin. 2008. ‘Cartooning in Nigeria: Large Canvas, Little Movement’. In John Lent (ed.), Cartooning in Africa. Cresskill: Hampton.

Musila, Grace. 2007. “Democrazy: Laughter in Gado’s Editorial Cartoons 1992–9.” In Urban Legends, Colonial Myths: Popular Culture & Literature in East Africa, edited by James Ogude and Joyce Nyairo, 97–123. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

Oduro-Frimpong, Joseph. 2014. “‘Better Ghana Agenda’: On Akosua Cartoons and Critical Public Debates in Contemporary Ghana.” In Popular Culture in Africa: The Episteme of the Everyday, edited by Stephanie Newell and Onookome Okome, 131–53. London: Routledge. 

Ola, Yomi. 2013. Satires of Power in Yoruba Visual Culture. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Schneider, Jürg. 2004.  “Speaking in Bubbles: Press Cartoons and Comics from Cameroon.” In African Media Cultures: Transdisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Rose Marie Beck and Frank Wittmann, 59–81. Cologne: Rüdiger K√∂ppe. 


Akande, Olayemi. 2002. A Semiotic Analysis of Political Cartoons: A Case Study of Nigeria. PhD thesis, University of Oklahoma. Ann Arbor: ProQuest Information and Learning Company.

Jewell, W. Kaleb. 2016. Hidden in Plain Sight: Image, Text, and Social Commentary in Victor Ekpuk's Cartoons for The Daily Times of Nigeria, 1989–1998. M.A. thesis, Virginia Commonwealth University.  accessed September 21, 2017

Jimoh, Ganiyu. A. 2016. Cartoons and the Construction of Political Realities: An Analysis of Selected Works of Jonathan Shapiro and Etim Bassey Asukwo. PhD thesis, University of Lagos. Nigeria. 

Van Wyk, Helena. 2012. The Agenda-Setting Function of The ‘Jester’s Space’: Zapiro's Lady Justice Cartoons. MA thesis. Johannesburg: Faculty of Humanities, University of Johannesburg.


jegede, dele. 1999. ‘Growth and Trend in Newspaper Cartooning: The Last 30 years'.  Paper presented at the seminar on 30 years of Journalism in Nigeria. Topo. Badagry. Organized by Lagos State Council of Nigerian Union of  Journalists. Lagos State University Conference Centre. 

Onipede, Akinwale. 2007. ‘Cartooning in Nigeria: A Brief Outline’. An Exhibition of Commemorative Cartoons. Lagos State at 40. Lagos: Lagos State Council of Arts and Culture.